It is the archetype for the toadstool tribe in mycophobic
countries, being the first gilled mushroom that the mycophobe learns to
recognize, that he may the better curse it. In mycophagic lands all country
folk know it, and have devised for it a diverse popular nomenclature. The
esteem in which the various edible species are held differs in different parts of
Europe, but the obloquy meted out to the fly amanita is uniform and heavy.
Its evil reputation far outruns its deserts. The Mazatec Indians, who have a long tradition of using the mushrooms, inhabit a range of mountains called the Sierra Mazateca in the northeastern corner of the Mexican state of Oaxaca. The shamans in this essay are all natives of the town of Huautla de Jimenez. Properly speaking they are Huautecans; but since the language they speak has been called Mazatec and they have been referred to in the previous anthropological literature as Mazatecs, I have retained that name, though strictly speaking, Mazatecs are the inhabitants of the village of Mazatlan in the same mountains.
"*@Mail.Telepac.Pt" Emailtanescoowaoutlook ater on, other authors
reported only about one-tenth of this amount of
psilocybin, a number that I believe to be too low,
considering reports about the mushrooms' strong
Psilocybin was also found in Australian
samples of Psilocybe cubensis (see Figure 2, p.
5), while Panaeolus cyanescens was reported to
contain psilocybin, along with even higher levels
of psilocin and serotonin as well.
Starting in the late 1960s, popular,
widespread usage of psychotropic mushrooms
began to catch on in Australia. At the same time,
these accounts of mushroom use were the only
comprehensive reports that originated in a country
other than Mexico.
In the summer of 1969, a 4,000-hectareregion
near the coast of Queensland gained
notoriety because of its Psilocybe cubensis crop
that grew there after the rainy season. Interested
collectors flocked to the area in droves. Media
reports at the time gave the impression that the
mushrooms were an entirely new discovery,
completely disregarding Central American
traditions. Psilocybe cubensis conquered the black
market, where the mushrooms were sold for about
U.S.$1 per fruiting body. In the wake of an
above-average rainy season, the species fruited so
abundantly that special transportation companies
were founded for delivery of the mushrooms to
Australia's large cities.
However, even here the mushrooms did
not grow in heaven: the epidemic subsided
somewhat, and the usage of psychotropic
mushrooms became endemic across all of
Australia. On May 8, 1971, the governor of the
conservative state of Queensland prohibited
possession of Psilocybe cubensis and the species
fell under the same legal guidelines as Cannabis
sativa (hemp) and Papaver somniferum (opium
Still, usage of the Psilocybe species
continued, despite harsh penalties for possession
and use (a total of 74 individuals were sentenced
in 1972, and 27 in 1973).
Also, those interested in mycological field
research continued to study Psilocybe
subaeruginosa and even discovered the species in
the northern part of the country. Like Psilocybe
cubensis, this species is also known by the
colloquial name of "gold top", whereas Panaeolus
cyanescens, a species that wasn't discovered until
later, acquired the nickname "blue meanies"
within the counterculture (an expression that
refers to a collection of several fruiting bodies). It
is likely that these mushrooms were named after
the small blue men featured in the classic
psychedelic Beatles movie "Yellow Submarine",
which was released in 1968.
In colloquial Australian English,
"mushies" is a commonly used short form for
Next to fresh mushrooms, "processed"
preparations also began to appear on the black
market: In Hobart, Tasmania, for example, dried
and ground up mushrooms packaged in gelatine
capsules were sold for $6 a fruiting body. The
availability of mushroom-based hallucinogenic
substances drastically reduced the mark
The Tainos certainly did not attribute aphrodisiacal powers to the batata or
sweet potato. They could not have been under illusions about this humble
vegetable, so commonplace for them. But the Spaniards, obsessed by the idea of
aphrodisiacs, were quick to discover in the batata a new and more potent truffle.
A few years later they discovered the white potato
in the Andean highlands, the papa as it was called in Quechua, the language of
the Inca and his people. Info Office Nl Co Brains Info Brains
What a delight it was for
Tanya and me to ramble through the clean, fragrant woods, filling our baskets
with those aristocrats of the mushroom world, the noble belye griby
We were already proficient mushroom gatherers then, and we must have
begun our apprenticeship long before. Our mother, Xenia Dimitrievna, was
even more solicitous about her brood than most mothers, yet it never occurred
to her to poison our young minds with warnings about toadstools. Infocentralformcojplocnl
email tanesco owa outlook Magic_Mushrooms