In 1979, J.J. McRoach, a former candidate for the Australian Marijuana Party, described one of his experiences in New South Wales No grease in this restaurant - instead brightly
painted walls with lots of sunflowers and colorful cushions......all very cool, very laid-back. Walking into the kitchen to suss food situation. Amiable freak cum cook loads me up with a
couple of salads. What brings you to Mullumbimby he asks.
The mushrooms, Ive come for the mushrooms.
It is of interest to note a report from Japan that there were over 366 accidental ingestions of psilocybin mushrooms reported in l929 these incidents were reported by people foraging for
wild edible mushrooms.
In Africa during the l940s a number of unintentional intoxications occurred when mind-altering mushrooms were inadvertently sold as a source of food by children in public markets.
The majority of
mail pyramide.co.ma adverse physical effects or negative psychological reactions produced by "magic mushrooms" generally result from inappropriate set and expectation, or because of improper dosage, which may vary considerably among consumers, different mushroom species, or even within an individual species. The question of dosage is often confused by the variation in the source of the hallucinogenic mushroom species which is consumed. For example, Psilocybe cubensis, when picked and eaten from its natural dung (manure) habitat, produces a relatively mild mindaltering experience, which is evident from the large amounts of fresh specimens needed to achieve a threshold experience.
However when grown in vitro (indoor laboratory cultivation and/or illicit cultivation), Psilocybe cubensis apparently can produce a more potent strain capable of inducing a very intense visual, sometimes quite disturbing, experience. This dosage assumes that the consumption of 1 to 3 gm of dried material would be too low if the mushroom specimen came from a wild source. This low potency for Psilocybe cubensis has been confirmed by research scientists Margot & Watling, (1981), who were surprised by the comparatively small amounts of psilocybin and psilocin which they extracted from wild specimens collected from five different locations in Australia. This suggests that a much larger dose would be required to produce significant hallucinations. It is possible that the chemicals most likely degenerated between the time that they were harvested and the time of analysis. However, it should be noted that a strain of Psilocybe cubensis producing different flushes (harvests) will vary somewhat in potency between flushes.
mail tatvan.bel.tr loc:NL Mail Turismosalta Gov Ar Loc Nl
Loc:Nl Loc:Nl Ajc.Co.Id
e creek on wood chips of
Carpinus, Alnus and Salix, on raw compost
mixtures of Picea, Pinus and Larix needles,
Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan.
Figure 21 - Fruiting curve of Psilocybe
cyanescens based on observations at several
locations in the former Czechoslovakia.
The mycelia make use of different kinds
of plant debris and even grow on wet cardboard,
where they develop into rhizomorphs just like
they would in nature. Rhizomorphs are thick
strands of mycelia that serve to transport
nutrients and water. They also develop intense
blue stains (see Figure 22).
Distribution pattern of Psilocybe
cyanescens in Germany and adjacent areas
(according to Krieglsteiner). Locations are
indicated by black dots.
rhizomorphs growing on
Figure 24 - Psilocybe cyanescens at a natural location (USA).
Figure 25 - Psilocybe bohemica on twigs and leaves.
Psilocybe bohemica is a very psychoactive
species. Its effects are vividly documented in the
following account of one natural scientist's
experience as part of controlled clinical trials in
About 30 mg of psilocybin in mushroom
tissue was prepared in hot water, with effects
already noticeable ten minutes after ingestion. I
grew increasingly quiet. At first, my legs began to
tingle, then my underarms as well. Aside from a
deeper breathing rhythm, few other somatic effects
were noted. Initially there were fits of laughter
caused by unusual cognitive associations; this
laughter also affected the two "sober" guides. A
growing hyperacuity interfered with the ability to
listen to music, so that Vivaldi's "Springtime"
caused painful stabs inside the brain. I compared
the pain to that caused by a "sawing knife". The
experimenters appeared bloated and yellow...
Existing bodily characteristics, such as thinning
hair stimulated a person's illusionary
transformation into a monk with tonsure. Their
voices also appeared reverent and, from a
somewhat paranoid point of view, these gentlemen
at times seemed to be working a switching station
that, for some reasons, was my enemy. At the same
time, I found both of them to be quite likeable.
During this time period, the other female subject
perceived fantastic images of moving colors and
saw visions of her whole life unfolding behind
closed eyes. During this period, I had the distinct
impression that an electrical current was flowing
through my body, which was not an uncomfortable
sensation. About three hours later, the gentlemen
retired to the kitchen and the nature of the
experience changed quite drastically.
At first I felt as if my legs were increasingly
merging into the wall, a very comfortable
experience. In a state of utter clarity of
consciousness, I finally felt as if I had no body at all.
I said. "The most descriptive expression is the
experience of a pure soul". Using words as triggers,
we were able to induce shared experiences o Mailbeansproutcoth
mail skminerals.co.th loc:NL
e bohemica Sebek
The classification of these synonyms is
particularly difficult, because the mycologists
involved provided detailed descriptions for
isolated collections of fruiting bodies only,
followed by comparisons with mushrooms
found at other locations, using dates provided in
the literature. Under the best of circumstances,
an analysis was performed on dried samples
Spores Introduced From Overseas
In this section I would like to discuss
several aspects of the bluing Psilocybe mushrooms.
Detailed information about several isolated sample
collections has been presented by Krieglsteiner.
A description of any mushroom species
becomes valid only after a Latin diagnosis of the
collected sample has been published in a
mycological journal, along with distinctive
characteristics in relation to other species.
In 1946 Wakefield described as Psilocybe
cyanescens Wakefield a sample of bluing darkspored
mushrooms collected at the botanical
gardens in Kew, England. It had been suggested
that those mushrooms occurred adventitiously,
that is, that the spores had been imported from
overseas together with other plant materials. The
presence of such mushrooms in botanical gardens
had been observed quite frequently, and such
imports are likely whenever the mushroom in
question has never before been found in
surrounding areas. The possible importation of
Gymnopilus purpuratus is described elsewhere
(see Chapter 3.5).
The mushrooms displayed a much more
intense blue staining reaction than Psilocybe
semilanceata. They were observed growing on
small pieces of wood in the forested areas of Kew
Gardens during the fall season for several years.
Among the mushrooms' most notable features are
their undulating, twisted caps. Guzman believes
that specimens collected in British Columbia and
the Pacific Northwest of the United States
(Northern California, Oregon, Washington) are
identical to those found in Kew Gardens (see
Figure 24). Indeed, all of the macroscopic and
some microscopic descriptions and photographs
match the mushrooms found in England. However,
conclusive proof of identity can be provided only
by results from DNA analyses and cross-breeding
experiments with single-spore mycelia. I will
elaborate on this method in a later section.
In 1975, fruiting bodies of this species
were also discovered in Holland. Additional bluing
mushrooms growing gregariously on grass and
decaying reeds were found in the Jura Mountains
of Switzerland in 1972 (MTB 8511). Other
samples are known to have been collected in the
Steiermark region of Austria in the fall of 1976, as
well as on the Mediterranean island of Corsica in
1972 and 1984.
On several occasions, a number of
fruiting bodies classifed as Psilocybe cyanescens
were also discovered in Germany (see Figure 23, p.
More elaborate descriptions of several such
collections are provided below:
On October 31, 1983 considerable
quantities of fruiting bodi Mail Kilitrust Org
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