alkaloid into a diagnostic tool used to reveal latent
paralyses and other subtle types of damage to the
central nervous system. While LSD could also
have been used for this purpose, researchers
preferred psilocybin, because dosage measurement
was comparatively simpler, its effects were
short-term and patients experienced less fatigue
with psilocybin than with LSD.
In one exceptionally remarkable case, one
of the participants, while under the influence of
the substance, clearly saw a brain tumor inside
her skull - a tumor that was not discovered until
an examination that followed the session.
R. Fischer (see Figure 61) conducted a
series of controlled experiments involving the
presentation of words and sentences composed of
incomplete letters, with increasingly larger
portions of the letters covered in several stages,
from the top down. In the end, only the stumps of
the letters remained in the display, which was no
longer readable. Under the influence of
psilocybin, however, the ability to "re-synthesize"
these characters was observed quite frequently:
Participants were able to read a significantly
larger number of words, with some reportedly
able to see the partial letters, complete and uncut,
in a display that showed little more than a white
These observations are powerful evidence
confirming that the effects of mushroom
ingredients are certainly not just "psychotic" in
nature, a notion preferred by those pharmacologists
partial to terminology such as "toxic
psychosis", with all its connotations as evoked by
the "fool's mushroom" label. Psilocybin and its
relatives apparently act as catalysts that initiate
new information processing mechanisms and
patterns of coordination between the different
interactive areas of the brain. As such, the
substances create the context needed for
integrating emotional and rational processes in
new ways. Under the most favorable of
circumstances, such states of mind are
experienced not only as a profound, impressive
expansion of one's consciousness, but may also be
reflected in short-term improvements of
performance. I believe, however, that these
temporary gains in skills are rarely attained by
casual or recreational users of psilocybincontaining
mushrooms, because set and setting
are often less than ideal, and alkaloid content
tends to be highly variable. Most researchers,
including A. Hofmann, strongly advised against
usage of hallucinogens by youngsters, even in
controlled experimental settings. Adolescence is a
time of upheaval, a developmental stage when
youngsters struggle with themselves and their
surroundings, searching for a purpose and a firm
direction in life: Numerous conflicts arise in the
process and need to be dealt with and integrated.
Besides inducing altered perceptual states,
hallucinogenic substances, including psilocybin are
bound to release a stream of new emotions and
conflicts. Such experiences often serve In France and Italy the peasants know many of the mushrooms and possess
a rich vocabulary for them. The Germanic peoples are less informed than the
French, and there is evidence that what they know is of modern acquisition.
But when the traveler reaches the lands of the northern Slavic peoples and the
Lithuanians, the folk knowledge concerning mushrooms broadens and deepens
until it reaches astonishing proportions.
ioa.zte.com.cn Mushroom Grow Kit Grow Kit Mushroom ure of Psilocybe semilanceata
(with sclerotia formation).
Figure 48 - Inocybe aeruginascens on grassy soil
Figure 49 - Psilocybe cubensis on horse manure and rice.
portions of mycelia whose texture is somewhat
like wool. The kind of viruses known to appear in
champignon cultures - where they have already
caused a lot of damage - have so far not been
found in cultures of the Psilocybe and Panaeolus
It is safe to say that we currently know a
great deal about the nutritional requirements of
Psilocybe cubensis. To a lesser extent, such
information is available about other species as
well. Armed with this knowledge, future
researchers may well discover new insights into
physiology of these species, as well as the
biochemical changes that occur during fruiting.
In my experiments, it has already been
established that the process of differentiation
whereby mycelia are transformed into sclerotia or
fruiting bodies is linked to increased production
of psilocybin as well as psilocin, especially in
Due to the relatively complex
methodology and the type of equipment needed to
isolate and maintain sterile cultures, it appears
unlikely that cultivation of Psilocybe cubensis
mushrooms by laypersons will significantly
heighten the mushroom's popularity or widen its
area of distribution anytime soon.
However, since the early 1980s, growing
numbers of mycophiles in North America and
Europe have successfully used "natural outdoor
cultivation" to fruit Psilocybe cyanescens and
similar species. This process involves selection of
natural wood substrates striated with mycelia
(rhizomorphs) that usually turn blue in response
to handling. The mycelia are then transferred onto
fresh wood chips or commercial mulch (not from
cedar trees). After several months of growth, the
mycelia fruit during the fall season.
Figure 50 - Surface culture of Inocybe aeruginascens on a liquid nutrient medium.
Figure 51 - Panaeolus subbalteatus on cow dung and rice.
Figure 52 - Psilocybe cubensis on wet newspaper.
PSYCHOTROPIC MUSHROOM SPECIES
AROUND THE WORLD
Figure 53 - Psilocybe cubensis on compost.
Figure 54 - Psilocybe stuntzii (grasslands variety) from British Columbia.
Figure 55 - Giant mushroom sculpture from Kerala, India. There is considerable debate among
experts about the significance and purpose of the sculpture.
Figure 56 - Magic mushrooms & water buffalo t-shirt from Thailand,
designed for the Western tourist market.
SPOTLIGHT ON NORTH AMERICA AND HAWAII
In 1961, V.E. Tyler became the first
investigator to report the detection of psilocybin in
Psilocybe pelliculosa (Smith) Singer & Smith,
a North American mushroom species. One year
later, two research groups, working independently,
discovered psilocybin, as well as psilocin, in
samples of Psilocybe baeocystis Singer & Smith
from the Pacific Northwest region of North
America. Additional chemical and taxonomic
In this report, the doctor believed that although the survey involved surfers and their female
friends, there is no suggestion that the use of these drugs is confined to this group, which constitutes but a proportion of our
young drug taking community. It is thus likely that word-of-mouth communication made a significant contribution to the
increasing use of magic mushrooms in Australia and NZ. Info Mail Rt Mart Com Cn Loc Nl
She soon became frightened, seeking immediate medical attention,
because she thought that she was a banana, and that somebody was attempting to skin her
Following is an excerpt from a news item appearing in a local Australian paper... A small brown
mushroom that grows widely in the Adelaide Hills in July and August is providing drug addicts and thrill
seekers with a potent hallucinogenic drug. Infobelievecomtrlocnl
conocybe lactea eaten HeadshopVaporizerspd-650-1021-pm29