CATTLE AS A POSSIBLE DISPERSAL MECHANISM FOR PSYCHOACTIVE DUNG FUNGI
One may ask the question, "how did these mushrooms arrive in Australia and New Zealand?" Well some species may be endemic,that is, they were already there naturally. Other species such as the above described dung-inhabiting mushrooms most likelyappeared after the introduction of cattle on the subcontinent.The first livestock to arrive in Australia were brought from the Cape of Good Hope in1788, and included 2 bulls and 5 cows, along with other domesticated farm animals. Byl803, the government owned approximately 1800 cattle, most of which were importedfrom the Cape, Calcutta, and the west coast of America. It was during this period thatsome of the visionary mushrooms mentioned in this field guide probably first appeared inAustralia (Unsigned, 1973). According to Australian mycologist John Burton Cleland(1934), "fungi growing in cow or horse-dung and confined to such habitats, must in thecase of Australia, all belong to introduced species". It is believed to have been the SouthAfrican dung beetle which may have actually spread the spores. According to Englishmycologist Roy Watling of the Royal Botanic Gardens in Glasgow, Scotland, "it must beremembered that fungi can change substrate preferences and there are coprophilousfungi on kangaroo droppings etc." Some mycologists who have studied the "magicmushrooms" in Australia and NZ claim that the "use of P. cubensis as a recreational drugtends to confirm the belief that some farmers in early times may have added one or two basidiomes gilled mushrooms to a mealto liven it up and still do Margot & Watling, 1981)."
Russian child learns his alphabet, he sees by a picture that g
stands for grib this has been habitual at least since the zyth century.
primer he reads of mushrooms. In his school he is like to find a playmate whose
family name is taken from some mushroom, a boy named Gribov, for example,
or a Gribunin, or a Borovikov, or a Gruzdjov, or Spore Mushrooms Where To Find Magic Mushrooms
aRyzhikov, or an Opjonkin, or
a Syroezhkovskij, or a Lisichkin.
apicmail02.lge.com/owa How Mushroom How How Mushroom How How
His reference to mushrooms is slight,
but who that loves them will ever forget this vignette, truly observed, of the
mushrooms clustered around the trunk of a cedar tree
. . . that Caedar . . .
Under whose girdle, nay beneath whose knee,
The little Mesrumes louingly agree, [p.
As the successive waves of nomads spent their initial force, the
Slavs resumed their steady pressure and retook the beloved land and pushed on.
They were the resistant, tenacious, pushing tortoise, and the invaders were the
showy, easy-come-easy-go hares. The Slavs made some progress in the West
also, and as late as a few centuries ago, the peasants in Holstein and on the
Baltic island of Bornholm were still speaking a Slavic tongue. Infosrssurfcojplocnl
���� Lamanite kill fly, Amanita muscaria is a mushroom hallucinog Not belong family Agaricac are like the mushrooms. It is widely r Spread in H MISPHER Re up north latitudes tr s northern and up 2 100 m d&----New Block----39;altitude. It grows in the woods, in particular proximity birches and CONIF res with which it forms mycorrhiza. In Europe, the west, located on the end of August t late November. Info Nl Rt Nl Nl Mart Cn Mart