Of the remaining toxic mushrooms, there is a peculiar mystery about the
gyromitra esculenta, a common species much eaten as its name suggests in
Europe. Certain it is that at intervals cases occur where an individual dies from
it. The explanation may not yet be surely known, but if the best opinion available
today proves right, the gyromitra esculenta offers us a notable fungal
peculiarity. It seems that everyone may eat this tasty mushroom with impunity
for the first time. Immediately after Claudiuss death, he was proclaimed
a god-a posthumous honor for emperors to which Romans were accustomed.
Afterwards, when Nero was in secure possession of his imperial office,
he was present at a certain banquet where mushrooms were brought in, and
someone remarked that they were the gods food, cibus deorum. To this Nero is
said to have replied True enough my father was made a god by eating a
mushroom. Info Srs Surf Co Jp Loc Nl To what a world of wonder and delight the fungal vocabulary of Russia
transports us! Every mushroom, good or bad, comes under the general name
of grib. When the farm-boy of the American prairies returns home after a hard
day hungry for his grub, he is using in all likelihood a word with the same
origin as the Russian peasant child who gathers his griby in the woods.
Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine) Abuse: Hallucinogenic Experiences With A Proprietary Antihistamine Grow Kit Mushroom How Do I Grow Mushrooms
In the Middle Ages the French viewed the toad somewhat differently from
the English, and in this section we shall digress briefly to clarify the distinction.
With the French the emphasis was not directly on the venom but on the creature
as an incarnation of Satan.
In Old French there was a curious word, le lot, which according to the dictionaries
meant toad, and they add that it fell into disuse in the 15th century. Inforemaxolusumistcomlocnl
CATTLE AS A POSSIBLE DISPERSAL MECHANISM FOR PSYCHOACTIVE DUNG FUNGI
One may ask the question, "how did these mushrooms arrive in Australia and New Zealand" Well some species may be endemic,that is, they were already there naturally.
Other species such as the above described dung-inhabiting mushrooms most likelyappeared after the introduction of cattle on the subcontinent.The first livestock to arrive in Australia were brought from the Cape of Good Hope in1788, and included 2 bulls and 5 cows, along with other domesticated farm animals. Byl803, the government owned approximately 1800 cattle, most of which were importedfrom the Cape, Calcutta, and the west coast of America.
It was during this period thatsome of the visionary mushrooms mentioned in this field guide probably first appeared inAustralia (Unsigned, 1973). According to Australian mycologist John Burton Cleland(1934), "fungi growing in cow or horse-dung and confined to such habitats, must in thecase of Australia, all belong to introduced species". It is believed to have been the SouthAfrican dung beetle which may have actually spread the spores.
According to Englishmycologist Roy Watling of the Royal Botanic Gardens in Glasgow, Scotland, "it must beremembered that fungi can change substrate preferences and there are coprophilousfungi on kangaroo droppings etc." Some mycologists who have studied the "magicmushrooms" in Australia and NZ claim that the "use of P. cubensis as a recreational drugtends to confirm the belief that some farmers in early times may have added one or two basidiomes gilled mushrooms to a mealto liven it up and still do Margot & Watling, 1981)."